Gynecomastia, or swollen male breasts, is a medical disorder, not an aesthetic concern. However, it can have a significant impact on people's lives. Workouts and finding stylish attire might be challenging when you have large breasts.

How do I know if I have Gynecomastia? Can Foods Cause Gynecomastia?

September 5, 2022 by Dr. Sandeep Bhasin

Gynecomastia, or swollen male breasts, is a medical disorder, not an aesthetic concern. However, it can have a significant impact on people’s lives. Workouts and finding stylish attire might be challenging when you have large breasts. Depression and anxiety are two mental health issues commonly linked to men with breasts. Man boobs can be a significant drawback for men that cause a massive hit to their self-esteem.  

Need to know before having Gynecomastia surgery

People can only presume that they have Gynecomastia by appearance, and to confirm that, they need to approach an expert physician in the field. First, the surgeon needs to rule out cancer in the male breast region and then confirm its Gynecomastia. The next stage involves preparing the patient for surgery to eradicate it. Listed below are the conditions the patient needs to know and follow before the operation.

  • Immediate cessation of medicines that lead to bleeding
  • Complete stoppage of smoking.
  • Consumption of nutritious foods before and after surgery.
  • Awareness that surgery can occur under general anesthesia or oral sedation.
  • Surgeons may resort to the use of ‘drains’ to collect excess fluids.
  • Awareness that surgery may result in pain, swelling, and even bruises; the knowledge that you can control all these through compression garments or icing post-surgery.

How to correct Gynecomastia?

Liposuction can cure Gynecomastia or Man boob removal. The process entails a small cut on both sides of the chest using either local anesthesia with sedation or general anesthesia. Incisions can be made in the armpit or along a small section of the tip of the areola. It depends on your specific situation and the plastic surgeon’s technique.

Using these cuts, your plastic surgeon will create a new chest contour that compliments your physique while removing excess weight and glandular tissue. Many men can resume their jobs, school, or daily routine within a few days after their procedures, even if there is advice to refrain from excessive exercise for around three weeks after Gynecomastia surgery.

Possible Causes Of Enlarged Male Breasts

The development of Gynecomastia is associated with a relative deficiency of testosterone hormone. Therefore, conditions that diminish testosterone production or its effects on the body or raise estrogen levels are likely the culprits in this decline.

The following are some factors that can disrupt the body’s natural hormone balance.

  • The hormones testosterone and estrogen govern both males and women’s sexuality. Muscle weight and hair growth are two aspects of masculinity regulated by testosterone. The hormone estrogen controls several feminine characteristics, including breast development.
  • Estrogen is not only a female hormone; men also generate a small portion of it. Gynecomastia occurs when a man’s estrogen levels are disproportionately high compared to his testosterone levels.
  • The estrogen in the mother causes more than half of newborn males to have larger breasts. Post-delivery, the enlarged male breast tissue usually disappears in two or three weeks.
  • Puberty Gynecomastia: The development of Gynecomastia in males is commonly associated with hormonal shifts during adolescence. Within six months to two years, swelling in the breast tissue typically resolves on its own.

Gynecomastia Surgery Complications

Potential complications following severe Gynecomastia surgery include the following:

  • Discrepant Outcomes
  • Bleeding
  • Clotted blood
  • DVT refers to clots forming in the deeper veins of the body.
  • Blood clot-related swelling or hematoma.
  • Infection
  • Nipple numbness
  • Constant suffering
  • Anesthesia-related dangers
  • Scarring

By sharing your complete health record with your surgeon and strictly adhering to the surgical protocol, you can significantly relieve the likelihood of untoward happenings during your procedure.

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Gynecomastia surgery complications

Does Gynecomastia heal without surgery?

At the outset, Gynecomastia correction requires male breast reduction surgery. However, despite widespread assumptions, supplements have not been shown to treat the condition effectively. Furthermore, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not endorse drugs for treating Gynecomastia. 

However, there are alternatives to surgery that can be effective. Here are some effective Gynecomastia non-surgery treatment choices for those who desire to avoid surgery.

  • Change your eating and workout routines for the better

People who suffer from being overweight tend to be chubbier all over, particularly in the chest region. Reduced testosterone levels, in turn, lead to Gynecomastia, which generates excess body fat. However, breast size reduction is accompanied by body fat reduction and can be maintained with a proper diet and a rigid exercise regimen.

  • Off-label medications

Prescription of off-label medications can be resorted to by the doctor. These include raloxifene or Tamoxifen, drugs often used to treat breast cancer.

  • Hormone treatments

Therapies involving hormones are also called testosterone therapy. Hormonal imbalances are a common cause of breast development in men. Testosterone replacement treatment (TRT) can enhance testosterone levels and alleviate Gynecomastia symptoms. Administering injections, skin gels, or patches is one way.

  • Alcohol Cut-down

In addition to the existing dangers, add to it the possibility of contributing to enhanced male breast growth.

  • Changes in Medication

A physician may decide to alter existing medications or reduce dosage if they determine that one of them is responsible for Gynecomastia.

  • Curing the fundamental causes of illness.

The doctor may resort to curing certain other health conditions, pushing the severity of Gynecomastia to a mild one. Such areas of treatment would include hyperthyroidism and malnutrition.

Is Gynecomastia safe for men?

The primary sign of Gynecomastia is a sensitive, complicated, movable cone mound of tissue surrounding the nipple-areola region. For this reason, only men who start feeling awkward should consider getting treatment for Gynecomastia or man boobs reduction. However, if this leads to nipple discharge, a trip to the best Gynecomastia surgeon in Delhi is in order.

Lab tests are required when the need for and timing of Gynecomastia surgery in Delhi is confirmed. You must follow your doctor’s orders and cease taking additional medications or supplements, including nicotine replacement therapy, anti-inflammatory drugs, steroids, and herbal remedies. In addition, before and following surgery, patients should prioritize consuming healthy food.

Men’s breast reduction surgery often takes nearly a day to complete. Two to three hours is a typical time frame for surgical procedures. Here are the instructions the patient has to follow on the day of surgery:

  • Keep a reliable companion close by at all times
  • Don’t eat or drink anything, including water, beginning six hours before your gynecomastia procedure
  • Be sure to shave your chest and underarms
  • Maintain records of all pre-op examinations
  • Set aside some buffer time

Usage of anesthesia during gynecomastia surgery is common. The doctor will select the appropriate form of anesthesia according to the patient’s condition and specific circumstances. For example, the physician would recommend Intravenous sedation or general anesthesia.

Patients undergoing Gynecomastia should take special care to follow their surgeon’s post-surgery instructions. Here are the essential instructions one must follow:

  • One must take an entire course of antibiotics and other medications.
  • After the first day following surgery, patients can safely take a bath. Consult the doctor concerning how to take a bath while ensuring the privacy of your dressing area remains unaffected.
  • Be sure to meet the doctor after seven days to have the sutures removed.
  • Gynecomastia patients can resume their ordinary lives after ten to twelve days.
  • For the first three weeks, refrain from all forms of physical activity.
  • After the discomfort entirely subsides, you can get back behind the wheel.
  • Bloating, soreness, and discomfort are common side effects of Gynecomastia surgery. If treated, this only lasts for about a week to ten days.

What are the Stages of Gynaecomastia?

When both male breasts enlarge, it is known as Gynecomastia. The medical term for male breast enlargement around the nasopharynx is Gynecomastia. Typically, the expansion happens symmetrically, in concentric arcs, around the nipple.

Sufferers often experience distressing feelings of worry, social unease, and terror due to their condition. Because of this, they move quickly to investigate available therapies. We’ll go over the causes of Gynecomastia, its several kinds, and some quick fixes in this piece.

Various systems of categorization identify the degree of Gynecomastia. Therefore, people need to be aware of the progression of Gynecomastia to understand its categorization. Moreover, it might aid patients in deciding which therapy option is best for them.

Grade 1: Mild enlargement and does not result in extra skin.

Grade 2-A: Size gain is moderate, although there is no visible loose skin. 

Grade 2-B: Describes a moderate degree of growth with only a tiny bit of skin hanging.

Grade 3 (also referred to as Grade 4): An enlargement characterized by a significant amount of extra skin that gives the appearance of a sagging breast in a woman.

The American Society for Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) has embraced the classification mentioned earlier and now calls it the gynecomastia scale.

Grade 1 symptoms:

  • Enlargement of the breast through mild 
  • Extra tissues surround the areola
  • Puffy look at the nipples 

Grade 2 A & B: 

  • Even broader developments continue from Grade 
  • Mild growth develops to moderate growth
  • Tightness in the chest area 
  • Softness in outer areas 
  • Nipple area firms up further

Grade 3:

  • Excess skin that leads to droopiness
  • Sagging becomes visible through clothes 

Grade 4: 

  • Subtle differences between male and female breasts 
  • Highly visible

Factors That May Cause Your Man Boobs to Reoccur

If the patient who underwent gynecomastia surgery experienced male breast enlargement due to chronic marijuana usage and has not entirely given up the drug, the enlarged breasts may return.

The return of the man’s boobs is also a possibility if the underlying medical condition that caused the Gynecomastia in the first place, such as an adrenal or pituitary tumor, has gone untreated after male breast reduction surgery.

Weight gain after men’s surgery for breast reduction is another potential cause of male boobs return. Even while the excised fat cells can never produce, significant weight gain can cause the remaining fat cells to expand. Additionally, extra fat cells may grow in untreated and treated regions if the patient gains considerable weight. Finally, man boobs can return for various reasons, such as a hormonal imbalance or the usage of specific drugs.

Foods to Avoid with Gynecomastia

1. Processed Foods – Though they may save time, processed foods may contribute to increased weight gain and more enormous man boobs. In addition to being high in sodium, sugar, and artificial ingredients, these foods are high in calories that do not add any nutritional value to the body. Chemicals like polycarbonate and bisphenol A are also present in canned or processed foods which might lead to a reduction in testosterone.

2. Soy – Although soy foods like edamame, tofu, tempeh, and soy dairy substitutes are high-protein replacements for animal goods, they may not be the best choice if you’re trying to get rid of man boobs. This is because phytoestrogens, the plant equivalent to human estrogen, are abundant in soy. While they are not carbon copies of one another, research reveals that their chemical structures are similar enough to cause an estrogen-like action when consumed.

3. Eggs and Dairy – Conventional wisdom states that consuming foods like eggs, milk, and cheese can help you lose weight and gain muscle because they are high in protein and low in fat. Nonetheless, the estrogen found in chickens and cows is chemically equivalent to that in humans. Thus, these products do not come without their drawbacks.

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Foods to Avoid with Gynecomastia

Why choose Care Well Medical Centre?

Care Well Medical Centre is one of the renowned cosmetic surgery specialist centers in Delhi. There are experts available here for your journey to achieving the body you have always wanted. You will have everything taken care of under the same roof, from consultation to aftercare solutions. We at Care Well Medical Centre have delivered multiple successful surgeries and pridefully have happy and satisfied patients depart our clinic. If you are looking for a consultation on gynecomastia in Delhi, make an appointment with the Care Well Medical Centre and have your queries addressed by experts.


It is almost a natural phenomenon for one to be burdened with male breasts. The reasons are multiple, varying from natural genetics to self-inflicted habits. The best Gynecomastia treatment in Delhi is available to calm down fears. The Gyno surgery cost in Delhi would vary with the seriousness of the issue. As a patient, post-surgery, it would be advisable to follow the surgeon’s advice on how to recuperate faster.

FAQs for Gynecomastia Surgery

Q1. What is the fastest way to cure Gynecomastia?

Ans: Here are the best ways of reducing the impact of Gynecomastia. It is also best to consult your physician for male breast reduction in Delhi to explore the ideal treatment ways for your body.

Non-surgical options:

  • Altering existing diet. 
  • Learn and practice new exercises 
  • Putting an end to drugs
  • Avoiding Steroid 
  • Cut short Alcohol
  • Start weight-loss programs
  • Surgical options
  • Liposuction
  • Mastectomy

Q2. What is the most common cause of gynecomastia?

Ans: Hormonal imbalance between testosterone and estrogen is the most common cause of gynecomastia. Especially this imbalance may occur during the onset of puberty and in older males leading to the condition. Obesity can also lead to excess fat being stored in the chest region leading to gynecomastia.

Q3. Can Tribulus cause Gynecomastia?

Ans: Tribulus Terrestris, like DES, has been linked to cases of Gynecomastia in males. Although the plant can boost testosterone levels, doing so can lead to a hormonal imbalance. When this happens, the body responds by making even more estrogen, which can lead to the emergence of man boobs.

Supplementing with Tribulus Terrestris offers a slight chance of experiencing no noticeable effects. However, reports endorse the androgenic-anabolic properties of this herb of stomach trouble and Gynecomastia (abnormal expansion of the breasts in men) among its users.

Tribulus plants produce spiny fruits (Tribulus Terrestris). In some cultures, it has long been considered an aphrodisiac. Chemicals in Tribulus do play a role in the production of some hormones. However, it is no indication that it boosts testosterone levels in males. There is little solid evidence to support the widespread usage of Tribulus for treating sexual dysfunction, infertility, chest discomfort, and enlarged prostate.

Q4. How can I shrink my Gyno naturally?

Ans: Changing one’s eating habits and routine: When you keep up with a healthy pattern of eating and moving, you can keep your hormones in check and your body lean will aid chest fat removal

Putting an end to anabolic steroids or drug abuse: Certain medicines, including steroids, have been linked to an increased incidence of male breast growth

Alcohol Intake: Decreasing one’s consumption of alcoholic beverages

Hormones: replacement of hormones therapy

Diets: Diminish the size of one’s body by dieting

The main types of medication used to treat Gynecomastia

  • Androgens  
  • Testosterone, 
  • Dihydrotestosterone, and danazol),
  • Anti-estrogens (such as clomiphene citrate and Tamoxifen), and aromatase inhibitors (such as letrozole and anastrozole)

Q5. Is there a pill for Gynecomastia?

Ans: Fortunately, there are ways to deal with your Gynecomastia and get the chest you’ve always wanted. One can use prescription drugs like Tamoxifen to treat Gynecomastia in some men.

A class of medications known as estrogen antagonists includes Tamoxifen and related choices. They achieve their effect by lowering estrogen levels, which in men leads to chest enlargement. The trouble with Gynecomastia medications like these is that they can be extreme and may create undesirable side effects.

Q6. Is Gynecomastia a severe problem?

Ans: There is some evidence that having Gynecomastia, or male breast tissue larger than average, can raise your risk of developing breast cancer. However, the chance of that developing into male breast cancer is relatively low, even while having Gynecomastia. Most men with Gynecomastia will see their condition improve without therapy, and there is no chance of permanent consequences.

Q7. Does Gynecomastia go away with weight loss?

Ans: Gynecomastia can develop from an accumulation of fat deposits or increased glandular tissue. The only type of larger breasts that could diminish with weight loss is those brought on by fat accumulation rather than glandular tissue. The sad truth is that this rarely occurs. If one were to try this method, one would need to lose enough weight to have a very low BMI (body mass index, a ratio of weight to height). Breast size can be reduced to some extent by weight loss because of the volume loss of fat cells. Extreme weight reduction will yield dramatic benefits for individuals who are significantly overweight. However, they will need surgery to fix their Gynecomastia.

Q8. Can you reduce Gyno without surgery?

Ans: In recent years, there have been several non-surgical methods developed and advocated by Gynecomastia surgeons in Delhi for reducing the size of a man’s breasts. Examples of such common approaches are as follows:

  • Getting slimmer
  • Adopting a healthy diet and regular exercise routine
  • Avoidance of drug and steroid use
  • Decreasing one’s use of alcoholic beverages
  • Taking Hormone Replacement Therapy

These treatments may have some effect. Treatments aimed at restoring hormonal equilibrium can reduce the visibility of male breast tissue, a common side effect of some antidepressants. Similarly, if you have been triggering Gynecomastia by using steroids, abusing drugs, or drinking too much, cutting back or stopping these activities will resolve the issue. (Similarly one has to cut back on activities such as heavy drinking, drug abuse, and the use of steroids if they are the causes triggering Gynecomastia in an individual.) One can reduce body fat through weight loss, dieting, and exercise, which may reduce the size of male breasts. Non-surgical treatments for Gynecomastia have a chance of bringing about the desired results for confident men.

However, male breast reduction without surgery is often unsuccessful, especially for men whose Gynecomastia has lasted for a long time. For instance, avoiding some hormones or medicines may slow or halt breast growth, but it will not eliminate the existing tissue. In addition, hormone therapy can reduce the severity of Gynecomastia, but it may not be able to destroy it, especially in more severe conditions.

Q9. How do I get rid of gyno nipples?

Ans: One of the leading causes is Disrupted Hormonal Rhythms. Both testosterone and estrogen are present in all people. However, the male gender typically has more testosterone than the female.

However, Gynecomastia, in which the breasts enlarge beyond what is considered healthy, can occur when estrogen levels are consistently higher than they should be. Once estrogen levels have returned to normal, the swelling in the breasts and under the chin typically disappears.

To treat Gynecomastia effectively, doctors must determine what triggers the condition. However, it is a common practice first to address any underlying medical issues contributing to elevated estrogen levels. In addition, many of the drugs used to treat breast cancer also have the potential to alleviate Gynecomastia. So, when you search for Gynecomastia doctors near you, take considerable time and then make a wise call.

In older men experiencing Gynecomastia, testosterone replacement therapy can boost testosterone levels and slow the formation of breast tissue. Alternative treatments for Gynecomastia include modifying one’s diet and way of life. Examples of such things could be:

  • Increasing the frequency of one’s workouts
  • Reduce your consumption of processed meals
  • Increasing one’s Intake of foods that are high in Fiber; consuming fruits & Vegetables is a good solution
  • Keeping away from Soy and related food items.

Q10. How much time does it take to recover from male breast reduction surgery?

Ans: Those who merely require liposuction to address their swollen male breasts generally return to fitness and employment in just under a week. It may take anywhere from two to four weeks for people to feel well enough to return to normal activities after having surgery to remove excessive breast tissue. Historical data reveals that most patients may return to work within a week or two after surgery. Depending on the severity of their surgery, they can resume jogging in two weeks and moderate weightlifting in a month. 

Q11. Which doctor should I consult for Gynecomastia?

Ans: A qualified plastic surgeon is the most significant medical professional to help you with your Gynecomastia to get the procedure done. Finding a plastic surgeon who is both experienced in performing Gynecomastia and board-certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery is essential. With these two certifications, you can rest assured that your surgeon has the training and experience to give you the perfect shaped chest of your dreams.

A skilled surgeon will consider your lifestyle, finances, and desired outcome before recommending a course of action.

Q12. How common is Gynecomastia?

Ans: Hormonal shifts that occur naturally during adolescence create Gynecomastia in as many as seventy percent of young and middle-aged men. Generally, such cases tend to disappear within six months or a maximum of two years. Thus the swelling in the breast tissue typically resolves on its own. However, the development of Gynecomastia is also frequent in males of middle age and later. Therefore, the impact is on 65% of males in this chosen population.

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Dr. Sandeep Bhasin

Dr. Sandeep Bhasin is a highly skilled cosmetic surgeon and the owner of Care Well Medical Centre in Delhi. With extensive expertise in cosmetic and plastic surgery, he is dedicated to providing exceptional care and transformative results to his patients. Dr. Sandeep Bhasin obtained his MBBS and MS in General Surgery from Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) and served as a consultant at Bhaktshreshtha Kamalakarpant Laxman Walawalkar Hospital, Diagnostic & Research Centre. Specializing in various procedures such as face-lifts, rhinoplasty, liposuction, breast augmentation, hair transplant and many others, Dr. Sandeep Bhasin is committed to enhancing his patients' natural beauty and self-confidence.

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