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Hair Loss Treatment for Male & Female

Hair Loss Treatment for Male & Female


Get the best Hair Loss Treatment in Delhi, India for Men & Women

Get the expert advice on hair loss treatment for men & women in Delhi. Treatment starts with proper diagnosis & a session with renowned Cosmetic Surgeon & Dermatologist at Care Well Medical Centre.

 

Hair Loss Facts & Treatment for Men

What are the types of hair loss patterns in males?

Men are equally prone to suffer hair loss. There are different types of hair loss patterns in men. According to Norwood’s classification of male pattern alopecia, there are seven hair loss patterns, found in men. Of these, four categories have Type “A” variant. Besides these, there are two other types of genetic hair loss.

Category I- It is more common in teenagers where the hairline turns on the upper brow crease. This is not balding.

 

Category II- The mature or grownup hairline rests above the upper brow crease along with few temporal recessions, which necessarily does not point to balding.

 

Category III- It is the first stage of male hair loss where temporal recession tends to increase.

 

Category III Vertex- Hair starts falling off from the crown (vertex).

 

Category IV- In this pattern, the vertex enhances and there’s significant hair loss in the front. Also, there’s a solid strap of hair across the mid-scalp that gradually breaks off towards the front and the vertex.

 

Category V- Indicating pure balding, the front and crown areas consistently enlarge. The hair bridge that spits up the two spots also starts breaking down.

 

Category VI- It happens when the linking bridge gradually moves away and leaves a single sizeable bald spot on the front and top of head. Hair present on the scalp sides however remains in good quantities.
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Category VII- There’s rigorous hair loss and only a wreath of hair continues to be at the back and sides.

 

Norwood’s Type “A” variant applies to Categories II, III, IV and V and is known as Category IIa, IIIa, IVa and Va respectively. In this typical hair loss pattern, there’s increasing loss of hairs from front to back. The linking bridge of hair across the top of the head becomes less noticeable. More hair loss happens in the crown.

The two types of genetic hair losses- Diffuse Patterned Alopecia and Diffuse Unpatterned Alopecia are rare cases among men.

Diffuse Patterned Alopecia (DPA) – This pattern is also known as androgenic alopecia. In DPA, hair thins down in scattered portions in the top, crown and front of head and develops a permanent thinning region. The top part of head gradually minimizes without passing through the common Norwood categories. Read more
Diffuse Unpatterned Alopecia (DUPA) – Another form of androgenic alopecia, DUPA is less frequent in men, however develops faster than DPA. Such a hair loss pattern does not affect long-term area, and forms a horseshoe pattern, similar to Category VII. Read more
Scarring (Cicatricial) Alopecia
“Cicatricial alopecia” or scarring alopecia is referred to as a diverse group of rare disorders that damage the hair follicle, destroys associated sebaceous (oil) gland, replace it with scar tissue, and results in permanent hair loss. The clinical course of this phenomenon is highly unpredictable and variable. Read more…

All Starts with Diagnosis

Diagnosis of Hair Loss in Men

Typical androgenetic alopecia or male patterned baldness in men is generally diagnosed based on the appearance and patterned distribution of the hair loss, along with a comprehensive medical history, including details about the prevalence of hair loss in the family. Read more

Diagnosis of Hair Loss in Women

Diagnosis of hair loss in women is not as simple as it for men. Apart from family or medical history that typically highlights genetic hair loss in females, there is lot more for the diagnosis of varied causes. Read more

How common is hair loss pattern in males?

Research states that 40% of men around the world have significant loss of hairs by 35 years. Another 25% lose hairs within 65 years. A few 15% more have hair loss patterns by the age of 80. According to American Hair Loss Association, common male pattern baldness (MPB) accounts for 95% of hair loss cases in men.

 

Why men lose hairs?

Men are twice more likely to suffer hair loss, than women. The probable reasons are:

  • Entrance of Testosterone in Hair Follicles- As testosterones enter the cells of hair follicles via gateways known as androgen receptors; it develops enzyme reactions. Such reactions form a by-product called Di-Hydro Testosterone (DHT), which is responsible for hair thinning.
  • Presence of 5AR Enzyme in Hair Follicles- 5-alpha reductase enzyme, present in the hair follicles converts testosterones to DHT, which again causes potential shedding and thinning of hairs.
  • DHT Interface with DNA- When DHT interacts with the DNA of hair follicles, it activates the hair loss genes and prevents further growth of hairs.
  • Slowdown of Hair production- Due to diseases, external agents or other causes, the hair follicles starts producing finer and thinner hair and ultimately dies. This threatens hair production rate and hair stops growing completely.

 

Are there any complications from male pattern baldness?

  • Quite often, men lose hairs due to problems in metabolic syndromes. Baldness can often trigger health issues like high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol and obesity. Such symptoms also increase the chances of heart diseases.
  • Baldness can also bring potential psychological issues. It’s common for bald men to have frequent mood swings and emotional turmoil.
  • Risks of sunburn and skin-related damage also increase with balding. To avoid this, men can apply sunscreen lotions and wear hats.

 

What is normal hair growth cycle?

Hair grows in four stages- Anagen, Catagen, Telogen and Exogen.

  • Anagen- This is the growing stage which lasts for 2 to 7 years. In this phase, the length of hair is determined.
  • Catagen- In this stage, hair follicles shrink and detach from the dermal papilla. Catagen lasts about 10 days.
  • Telogen- The third stage is the resting phase, which lasts about three months. Only 10%-15% of total hairs sustain in this stage of hair growth cycle. Old hairs rest and new hairs starts the growth phase.
  • Exogen- When the resting hairs reach the terminal point in the follicle, it loosens, detaches and finally sheds off.

 

What is hair miniaturisation?

Hair miniaturisation is a condition in which the hair strands become shorter, thinner, and weaker, as it progresses into the different phases of hair growth cycle. It causes hair excessive thinning and takes away lustre from hair. In many cases, hair stops growing permanently after this condition.

There are mainly five reasons behind hair miniaturisation- Genetics, Di-Hydro Testosterone, Nutritional Deficiency, Natural Ageing and Telogen Effluvium (a condition in which premature hair enters the resting phase of hair growth cycle). Proper diagnosis of the root cause of hair loss along with balanced nutritional intake can reduce the potential effects of hair miniaturisation.

Read more about Hair Miniaturization

 

Is hair loss a cosmetic issue?

Hair loss is a common phenomenon which naturally happens with age and time. However, hair loss can also become a cosmetic issue when unusual type of hair loss hits the wrong individual at a wrong time. Depending on the cause and pattern of hair loss, it then requires appropriate surgeries and cosmetic treatments.

 

What are the treatments for male hair loss pattern?

  • Oral Medications- Hair loses which are directly influenced by physical ailments are treated with oral medications. Such medications heal the physical disorder, which automatically prevents further hair loss.
  • Hair Weaving- It’s an artificial procedure to add human or synthetic hair to the bald regions of scalp. There are various kinds of hair weaving procedure like tracking, lace extensions, bonding, netting, fusion, etc.
  • PRP- Using specialised medical needle, surgeons inject the Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) of an individual into his own scalp. Growth factors present within the blood cells automatically stimulates hair growth cycle.
  • Mesotherapy- This treatment involves supply of vitamin boost using specialised cocktails. The injected vitamins improve blood circulation and nourish the hair follicles. As a result, hair starts growing normally.
  • Low Level Laser Therapy- Low-intensity light or heat applied to the scalp, produces adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which gets converted to the cyclic AMP of hair follicle cells. This stimulates metabolic reactions and provides adequate energy for hair growth.
  • Hair Transplant- In most men, excess hairs present in various parts of body like chest, pubic, etc are shaved off and the same hairs are transplanted to the scalp through the process of hair transplantation.

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Non-Surgical Treatments for Diffuse Female Alopecia (Female Hair Loss)

Introduction to Female Diffuse Alopecia

Diffuse Alopecia is a common hair loss pattern for women. In this type of hair loss, scalp hair gradually thins down in equal proportion in all areas. The back and the side hairs although remain more supple. In most cases, women witness substantial decrease in hair density over their scalp. There have also been incidents where the hair growth of the entire body has been affected. Diffuse alopecia mainly happens when the normal life cycle of hair is disturbed by certain harmful agents. Due to such disruptions, immature hairs pass into the shedding phase, thus leading to massive hair loss. Usually, the problem persists for 3-4 months or until the hair loss-causing agent reduces its effect.

The harmful agents responsible for diffused hair loss pattern can develop from various causes. Mental stress, anxiety, unhealthy diet, unbalanced nutrition, disease, severe medications and hormonal changes and fluctuations can form substances, which further influences diffuse alopecia. Women suffering from such a pattern of hair loss are more likely to develop anxiety and depression. Emotional and psychological turmoil are also natural.

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Differential Diagnosis in Diffuse Female Alopecia

There are no unique or specific symptoms of diffuse female alopecia. Also, some of the symptoms can also point towards other diseases like androgenic alopecia, diffuse alopecia areata, and telogen effluvium. Although these problems are similar by nature, yet there’s a different approach to treat diffuse alopecia.

In order to know if it’s diffused hair loss pattern and understand the root cause behind the hair fall, hair surgeons conduct differential diagnosis including blood tests. It is a fundamental and efficient way of knowing the physical condition of the patient along with the amount of essential blood components. Through such diagnosis, they become aware about the potential causes that might be responsible for this kind of hair loss pattern. Based on their understanding, surgeons plan the best treatment for treating diffuse female alopecia.

 

Non-Surgical Treatments for Diffuse Female Alopecia

  • Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT): In LLLT, doctors perform a heat/light treatment where the photons emitted from the light act on cytochrome C oxidase and produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Then, they convert ATP to cyclic AMP within the cells of hair follicles. This procedure releases adequate energy and stimulates metabolic processes, which are essential for hair growth. Low-intensity laser light releases nitric oxide from cells and gradually enhances vascularisation. There’s also substantial increase in tissue oxygenation, microcirculation, cell proliferation and migration as well as growth factor production.LLLT is continuously used for the entire tenure of treatment and thus helps to distribute nutrients to the scalp and supplies oxygen to the hair roots.Low-Level Laser Therapy has various benefits. Firstly, it is safe and non-invasive. Patients undergoing the treatment hardly complain of any pain or discomfort. Secondly, it is standard, reliable and safe. Being a clean and painless treatment, there are no adverse side-effects, post LLLT sessions. Thirdly, it is cost-effective. Finally, it has minimal time commitment and its devices are easily portable.After this treatment, hair starts growing from the top of the head-crown and along the forehead hairline. With repeated use, it slowly reduces hair loss and grows hair naturally.
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP): At first, surgeons take out little blood from the candidate and centrifugally treat it until the enriched platelets or cells (PRP) remain. Then, with the help of a special thin needle, they carefully inject the platelet-rich plasma into the scalp of the patient. Growth factors present within the blood cells naturally stimulate hair growth and helps in restoring hair. Such factors include platelet-derived factors, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), insulin-like growth factor 1 and 2, transforming growth factor beta, epidermal growth factor and acidic and basic fibroblast growth factors.Surgeons make multiple injections and it takes 60-90 minutes for the entire procedure. Where one session every week consists of LLLT procedures, the other session is an alternative of PRP, Meso and Carbo procedures.There are wide ranges of benefits of the PRP treatment. It is a simple and non-invasive procedure, which hardly accounts for any pain or irritation for the patient. A safe and reliable process, it also has quick recovery period. At the same time, it’s very cost-efficient. Above all, PRP yields beautiful and natural looking results. Read more…
  • Capillary Mesotherapy (Meso): In this latest hair loss treatment, surgeons insert thin microinjections into the scalp. Each of these injections contains essential nutrients, which have been well balanced according to the specific requirement of the patient.  Soon after injection, there’s significant improvement in blood circulation which reduces various problems including loss of hair.In mesotherapy, the nutrients present with the microinjections include amino acids, vitamins, nucleic acids and peptides; all of which quickly access the hair follicles and interferes the dihydrotestosterone (DHT) effect. As a result, it removes suppression of hair growth and stimulates the flow of blood into the scalp. Since it directly reaches the hair follicles, it is more effective than most oral hair loss treatments.Mesotherapy takes about 60-90 minutes and is alternatively with PRP and Carbo. It is safe and standard. However, those undergoing the treatment must prevent excess stress and anxiety. They must also drink adequate water and keep their scalp hydrated. Proper nourishment and balanced diet is also suggested for quicker results.
  • Capillary Carboxytherapy (Carbo): Another effective treatment for female alopecia, Capillary Carboxytherapy involves the injection of CO2 gas, just beneath the scalp skin. With the help of a 30.5 gauge meso needle, doctors inject the gas in small quantities into the subcutaneous tissues. As CO2 enters, the body immediately triggers a response and sends oxygen to the scalp tissues. This gives rise to a number of rejuvenating reactions like vasodilatation, increased flow of blood, oxygenation, microcirculation, induction, pH regulation, dermal stimulation, increase in endothelial growth factors, and improved collagen synthesis and production. All such simultaneous activities gradually activate the hair follicles, stimulate the hair bulb and ultimately lead to hair growth on scalp.It’s a non-invasive treatment process, however has minimal pain and discomfort. There’s no specific downtime for this treatment and patients hardly witness any side-effects. Also, it takes lesser time than other alopecia treatments. Carboxytherapy is highly reliable and in done in alternate with platelet-rich plasma and meso therapies for maximum benefit.

Each candidate undergoes a combination of the above treatments every week.

 

Intensely Diffuse Pattern Alopecia- Treatment & Solutions

 

Session Timetable for Female Pattern Alopecia Combined Protocol

The Combined Protocol Treatment takes about 10 weeks of time. Each week comprises of two sessions till the 8th week. The last two weeks are solely dedicated to LLLT procedure. Here is a complete treatment chart for treating diffuse alopecia in women.

Week

Session 1 Session 2
1 PRP LLLT
2 Meso LLLT
3 Carbo LLLT
4 PRP LLLT
5 Meso LLLT
6 Carbo LLLT
7 Meso LLLT
8 PRP LLLT
9 LLLT
10 LLLT

 

FAQs: Hair Loss & Treatment

 

Conclusion

Thus, diffuse alopecia is a more women-specific hair loss problem. Treating this disease calls for specialised training and expertise. Therefore, one must choose a reliable and proficient surgeon who has hands-on experience in conducting this treatment. Also, patients and their families must select the right clinics, which are well-equipped with state-of-the-art equipment and have industry-best doctors.       
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