Liposuction or Lipoplasty is a procedure where fat is reduced from various parts of the body. The history of fat suction dates back to the 1920’s, wherein a French Surgeon named Charles Dujarier. Modern liposuction was devised 50 years later, wherein an Italian father-son duo Arpad and Giorgio Fischer pioneered the process of liposuction. Gynaecologists by profession, they devised an apparatus called a Cannula that would be inserted into the body creating a crevice between critical blood vessels and suck the fat out of a certain part of the body.
There were many professional physicians who tried to devise new techniques using a curette, this caused complications, blood clots, skin problems, other techniques included reduction of fat and skin whilst reshaping the body, even this procedure proved to be dangerous as there was scarring, and re-growth or deposition of fat, this led to various physical deformities.
But, probably in the early1970’s, probably 1978 two esteemed physicians from Paris, Yves-Gerald Illouz and Pierre Fournier studied the work of the father-son duo and created a breakthrough by making improvements to the existing apparatus. A wet technique was devised wherein saline water was injected into the part from where the fat was to be reduced, this decreased bleeding and made the suction procedure easier.
As time and technology progressed, a well-renowned professor, Michele Zocchi in 1992, introduced the concept of Ultrasonic Lipoplasty or Ultrasonic Assisted Lipoplasty (AUL). Even this technique did not hold up for long as it had side effects of burns, skin problems like peeling and the build up of unwanted fluids in the affected parts. Power- Assisted Lipoplasty was approved in 1998, it would use a Cannula that would use pulses for suctioning.
Since that time, there have been significant surgical & non-surgical techniques like Tumescent, Dry Technique, Wet Technique, Super Wet Technique, Ultrasonic, Vaser Liposuction, Power assisted, Laser, Smartlipo, Cynosure, CoolLipo,ProLipo Plus, LipoLite, LipoThereme & LipoControl, and Water Jet Assisted. Non-Surgical Techniques would include SculpSure, LipoSonix Ultrasound, Thermage, VelaShape,Venus Freeze, Zerona, Accent Body Contouring, Cellulaze, Coolsculpting, Exilis, and i-lipo.
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