Tattoos – A deeper and chromatic expression of oneself
Tattoo Making Process and Safety Measures
Tattoo is an abstract art, done on various parts of body. These are certain types of body modifications made on the dermis layer of skin. Tattoos, also known as body art, are done by inserting an ink with the help of a needle, which ultimately changes the skin pigment. Such innovative body drawings can be temporary or permanent and can be anything from a symbol, to an animal or a person.
Tattoo making was first started about thousands of years ago, in the B.C. and was prevalent across the world. Preserved tattoos on ancient mummies tell a lot about the then tattoo making culture. Countries like Japan, Africa and Unites States have evidences of various paintings, signs and symbols, done on the body, dating back to the pre-historic period. Early tattoo making procedures used needles and instruments, which were made from different fragments of bone, steel or wood. Way back then, those undergoing tattoos, experienced severe pain, and discomfort. Contrary to such old procedures, modern tattoo creation process is more convenient and comfortable. Also, it does not affect skin or overall health.
Today, making tattoos have become a trend, especially among teens and youth. Individuals love to express themselves through their tattoo art. Tattoos are done on most body parts, like face, arms, hands, hips, legs, shoulders, etc. There are different reasons for drawing interesting tattoos. While some define themselves, others confess their love for their beloved and some others are just enthusiastic about making designs on body. Besides patterns and designs, people also write texts, mainly names.
Modern Tattoo Making Process
There are renowned tattoo artists who are professionally trained and have good understanding and practical experience of creating tattoos. The tattoo parlors are increasing in number and popularity. With the finest body designs, convenient procedures and professional approach; the tattoo industry is on the rise.
Before starting to make tattoos, the tattoo artist and the candidate first decide the subject to be drawn and the particular area where the tattoo will feature. Once they have finalized, the artist takes a needle, and draws an outline of the tattoo on the skin and gets confirmed from the client. After this, the process begins. At first, the artist use an electric tattoo machine and places different types of ink, and pigment into the dermis layer of skin; right under the epidermis (top-most layer of skin). It is done with the help of a single or group of needles, which are joined to a bar and connected to an oscillating unit. Needles are consistently driven in and out of the skin, usually 80 to 150 times, a second. Thick needles are injected for colored and shaded tattoos.
After first injection, the pigment gets distributed throughout a homogenized damaged layer, down the epidermis and upper dermis. Both these layers contain foreign particles, which triggers the phagocytes of the immune system to consume the pigment particles, as and when needles are inserted.
With healing, the injured epidermis gradually flakes away, and removes the surface pigment.Granulation tissue is formed in the deeper skin layers and through collagen growth, is converted to connective tissue. The upper dermis mends, and the pigment remains surrounded with fibroblasts. Finally, the pigment concentrates in a fine layer, just beneath the dermis or epidermis boundary. Initially, it’s stable; however, with time, it goes deeper into the dermis region, and forms the desired tattoo design.
Safety Measures during the Process
- While developing a tattoo on any part of body, there are certain safety measures to look for:
Tattoo artists need to disinfect their hands with soap before initiating the process. They must maintain healthy standards of cleanliness and proper maintenance. Clean and sterilized tattoo equipment, preferably in a certified autoclave, shall be used for the process.
- Tattoo painters should clean the skin using an antiseptic and evenly apply petroleum jelly for painless and effortless procedure. While doing so, they must also put on gloves and wear mask.
- Wound must always be wiped with wet tissue or wet disposable towel.
- Tattoo candidates must ensure that they are physically fit and healthy for creating tattoos on their skin. Often, the skin type interrupts such procedures. At other times, certain health disorders especially allergies, heart problems and diabetes doesn’t allow tattoo piercing.
Ways to take care of Tattoos
After crafting a tattoo, it is important to maintain it, in the long run. Here are the ways of post-tattoo care and maintenance:
- Firstly, candidates must give time to the tattooed region for healing. They must keep the bandage, at least for a day and must refrain from touching the area, till it heals completely.
Soon after tattooing, the specific skin area must be kept away from water. Also, people must not rub it, since rubbing will fade the tattoo.
- Tattoos must be left in a moist state. If allowed to dry, it might form a thick coating. Drying out also slows down recovery process and therefore skin takes more time to heal.
- Tattoos can be showered on a regular basis, however not soaked.
- People must never expose their tattoos to sunlight, directly, at least for two weeks, from the day of tattoo creation. It is because UV rays cause damage to the skin and fades the color of tattoo arts.
- Post-tattooing, excessive workout should ideally be avoided especially if tattoos cover larger areas of skinlike elbows, and knees. Working out breaks the tattooed skin and elongates healing procedure.
- In addition to these, clients must always seek advice from their tattoo professionals about best ways to care for their skin paintings. Since each skin type and tone are different; therefore specialized care and maintenance helps in retaining the quality, look and feel of tattoos, for eternity.
To sum up, modern tattoo making procedures are more efficient, convenient and comfortable. These are safe for the skin, and does not affect health. The very desire of making a tattoo is quite encouraging and people should move forward to fulfil it. However, they must be careful while selecting the tattoo parlor. A background check is the best solution. Overall, tattooing in a growing trend and with innovative designs and emerging concepts, these are being more prevalent across societies.