1, NRI Complex, Mandakini, Chittaranjan Park, South Delhi, New Delhi - 110019
(+91) 982 154 3107 Book an appointment
Psoriasis: Causes Symptoms & Treatment

Psoriasis: Causes Symptoms & Treatment


Psoriasis Treatment in Delhi, India

What is psoriasis?

Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune, non-contagious, skin disease that accelerates the natural growth cycle of the body’s skin cells. It is a skin condition in which the normal cells are attacked by a person’s own immune system (= part of the body that fight against diseases). It is featured by skin cells that proliferate up to 10 times faster than normal.

 Psoriasis-treatment

As latent cell makes its passage to the skin’s surface and die, their utter volume causes raised, red plaques covered with white or silvery scales. There are different types of psoriasis and the symptoms differ from type to type. The most common type of psoriasis is plaque psoriasis, which is featured by patches of thick, red skin and silvery scales on the body.

The Unpredictable and vexatious Psoriasis produces plaques of thickened, scaling skin which is one of the most perpetual and perplexing of skin diseases. The dry flakes of skin scales are an outcome from the inordinately rapid increase of skin cells. The growth of skin cells is provoked by inflammatory chemicals produced by specialized white blood cells known as lymphocytes.

 

Understanding Psoriasis

Psoriasis primarily and commonly affects the skin of the scalp, elbows, and knees, though it expands its horizon over the body (affecting the torso, face, palms, and soles of the feet) with time and severity. Psoriasis can also reach up to mouth, the fingernails, and toenails. The radius of disease ranges from medium with limited indulgence of small areas of skin to large, thick plaques to red inflamed skin touching the whole body surface.

This long-term (chronic) inflammatory skin condition has a variable course, irregularly improving and aggravating. It is not atypical for psoriasis to impulsively clear for years and stay in abeyance. Most of the people observe an aggravation of their symptoms in the colder winter season.

Psoriasis is neither age restricted, nor gender or has race prejudice, meaning it affects all sexes, age groups and races. Though psoriasis can be conceived in people of any age, from kids to adults, most often patients are primarily diagnosed in their early adult years.

The psychological stability and quality of life of patients with psoriasis is often hampered due to the appearance of their skin. Latterly, it has been clearly expressed by the medicos that people with psoriasis are more vulnerable to have high blood lipids, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and a range of other inflammatory diseases. This may exhibit an incompetency to control inflammation. Caring for psoriasis requires medical teamwork.

 

Psoriasis Symptoms and Triggers

 Psoriasis-Symptoms

Understanding the “lay of land” of your psoriasis may tranquilize flare-ups and even prevent them. Once you are able to identify about what sparks your symptoms, you can have a better control.

 

What Are the Symptoms?

  • Patches of inflamed, reddened skin- These are ordinarily covered with loose, silvery scales. They may be itchy, tender, aching, and can even crack and bleed. In serious cases, they develop, expand and race into each other, creating big areas of irritated skin.
  • Fingernail and toenail issues- Your nails may become bumpy, indented or even change color. They may also start to decay and disintegrate from the nail bed.
  • Scalp problems- Patches of scales or crust may be developed on your scalp.

What Causes Flare-ups?

Every individual with this condition has their own stimulations. Conditions that may have caused some person’s psoriasis may not affect another person’s psoriasis to become active.

If a person is able to determine what causes their skin to flare up, they will have more control over the symptoms.

Psoriasis is an immune system issue. Certain stimulations may make your symptoms worse. They include:

  • Certain medicines- These medications include some”beta-blocker” drugs or inhibitors used to treat heart disease, high blood pressure and; lithium, a treatment for bipolar disorder; and tablets taken to treat malaria. If you have psoriasis, tell your physician if you are being treated for any of these conditions.
  • Cold, dry weather- Cold, dry winter months are noted to activate and provoke psoriasis. Any climatic condition that mitigates eases and dry skin will help. Try to spend good amount of time in sunny, warm weather and in humidity.
  • Anxiety and Stress- Outbreaks are more prone to pop up and materialize when you are over strung. Keep yourself calm and try to stay positive.
  • Skin Injury- In some people, the mini cuts, bruises, bumps and burns can cause an outbreak. Even bug bites and permanent tattoos might provoke a new lesion. You can put on an extra layer of clothes or wear gloves to avoid damage in your skin.
  • Infections- There is a little list of infections including tonsillitis and strep throat that can prompt a particular form of psoriasis to pop out. It appears like tiny drops that show up predominantly on your torso and limbs. HIV infection can also make the condition worse.
  • Alcohol- Drinking, particularly excessive drinking in young men may provoke or worsen symptoms and intervene with treatments. Integrating certain psoriasis medications with alcohol can have brutal side effects, mainly for females in their child-bearing years.
  • Tobacco and Smoking – Consuming tobacco highly or being around second hand smoke surges your risk of having psoriasis and makes current conditions worse.

 

What Causes Psoriasis?

Psoriasis converts your skin cells into Type A overachievers: They grow about 5 times faster than normal skin cells and multiplies further. And your body fails to keep abreast. The old ones stocks up instead of casting off, making thick, itchy, flaky patches.

Psoriasis-Treatment-care-well

Why do these cells go a bit out of control? There is more happening on beneath the surface of this skin disease.

Researchers assume something sets off your immune system. The exact reason is yet to be unearthed. But it is most possibly a combination of genetics and stimulations.

 

    • Genes

      Some bits of your DNA, called genes, are commands for your cells. They control elements like your hair volume, hair color, eye, and ways your body functions, and if you can taste certain things. Some genes are only active at definite times.

      Scientists have discovered about 25 genes that are distinguished in people with psoriasis. They believe it takes more than one to cause the disease, and they are in search of the major ones. About 10 in every 100 people have genes that make them more vulnerable to get psoriasis, but only 3 or 4 of them actually do.

      One of the most significant risk factors is having one parent with psoriasis that increases your risk of getting the disease, while having two parents with psoriasis doubles your risk even more.

 

    • Immune System

      When you have psoriasis, the genes that control and manages your immune system signals gets perplexed. Instead of protecting your body from attackers as it is formulated to do so, it incites inflammation and turns skin cells on cogwheels.

 

  • Triggers

    If you have obtained the right set of genes, something can turn psoriasis “on” or begin a flare.

    Medications: There are certain medicines that can activate psoriasis. These include:

    • Propranolol (Inderal), Quinidine, ACE inhibitors, and other Beta Blockers to treat High blood pressure and Heart disese.
    • Quinacrine, chloroquine, and hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) medicines as an anti malarial treatment.
    • Indomethacin (Indocin) for treatment of inflammation
    • Lithium, for the treatment of bipolar disorder and other mental health related disorders.

Hormonal changes: The disease often makes its appearance or flares during puberty. Menopause can also accelerate it. A pregnant woman’s symptoms may get decelerated or even disappearing during pregnancy. But after the baby is born, many women may have an eruption again.

Skin injury: A tiny cut, slit, scrape, allergy, bad sunburn, bug bite or even too much scratching can trigger and worsen the condition.

HIV: Psoriasis generally is awful in the initial stages of the disease, becomes worse in the beginning, but then it gets better after you begin with certain treatments.

Bacterial Infections and Viral: Strep infections, in specific, are associated with guttate psoriasis, which appears like little, red drops. Kids will often have strep throat prior their initial flare up. Tonsillitis, Bronchitis, Earaches or a respiratory infection such as flu, cold, or pneumonia can also begin your journey of skin issues.

Weight: People who are suffering from lone held obesity get plaques in their skin folds and crumples.

Smoking: Puffing on can maximize your risk of getting psoriasis. If you also have a close family history of the specific disease, you are 9 times more suspectible. And smoking often makes it difficult to get rid of symptoms. It is closely associated with a type of pustular psoriasis on your palms and soles that is tough to treat.

Stress: Scientists assume your immune system may respond to mental and psychological pressures in a similar manner as it does to physical problems such as infections and lesions.

Alcohol: Heavy drinkers are likely on a higher risk, specifically younger men. Furthermore, Alcohol can make treatments less effective, too.

 

The 7 Types of Psoriasis

Knowing which type of psoriasis you have helps you and your physician to form a treatment plan. Most people only have one type at a time. Sometimes, after your signs or symptoms clear away, a new kind of psoriasis will emerge in response to a trigger.

Here’s an in ‘n’ out of how you can spot the 7 types of psoriasis

 

    • Plaque Psoriasis

      This one is the most common type. About 7- 8 in 10 people with have this type of psoriasis. You may also hear your specialist call it “psoriasis vulgaris.”

      Plaque psoriasis causes inflamed, raised red skin concealed covered with white, silvery scales. These scaly patches may itch and blaze. It can show up in any part on your body, but most commonly makes their initial appearance in these locations:

      • Scalp
      • Elbow
      • Lower Back
      • Knees

 

    • Guttate Psoriasis

      This kind commonly begins in children or young adults. It occurs in less than 2% of cases.

      Guttate psoriasis marks little, pink-red spots on your skin. They often show up on your :

      • Trunk
      • Thighs
      • Scalp
      • Upper arms

      Triggers include:

      • Upper respiratory infection like tonsillitis and strep throat
      • Skin injury, lesion or contusions
      • Stress and anxiety
      • Certain drugs like ACE inhibitors and beta-blockers

 

    • Inverse Psoriasis

      This kind of skin problem appears as areas that are bright red, shiny, and smooth, but do not have scales. It is most often present in these areas:

      • Armpits
      • Beneath the breast area
      • Groin
      • Skin folds around the buttocks and genitals

      Inverse psoriasis may aggravate with scratching and sweating. A buildup of fungus may promote it.

 

    • Pustular Psoriasis

      This type of psoriasis is not very common and usually happens in adults. It forms the pus-packed bumps (pustules) encircled by red skin. These may seem to be infectious, but are not.

      This type may reflect on one location of your body, such as the feet and hands. Sometimes it takes over more than 60% of your body, which is referred to as “generalized” Pustular Psoriasis. When this takes place it can be very serious, so receiving immediate medical attention is advised.

      Generalized pustular psoriasis can cause:

      • Chills
      • Rapid heart beat
      • Nausea
      • Fever
      • Muscle weakness or cramps

      Triggers include:

      • Topical medicine (skin care lotions or creams you apply on your skin) or systemic medicine (drugs that treat your entire body), particularly steroids.
      • Spontaneously halting systemic drugs or strong topical steroids that you applied over a massive portion of your body
      • Coming in direct contact of excessive ultraviolet light rays (UV) without using a high SPF sunscreen
      • Encounter to certain chemicals
      • Viral or Bacterial Infection
      • Too much Stress and jitters
      • Pregnancy

 

    • Nail Psoriasis

      Up to many of those with this kind of psoriasis have nail changes. This is even more prevalent in people who have psoriasis arthritis which impacts your joints.

      Common symptoms include:

      • Pitting or indenting of your nails
      • Tender, acing nails
      • Disintegration of the nail from the nail bed
      • Change in Color (yellow-brown)
      • Off White Chalk-like substance under your nails

      You are also at the disposition to have a fungal infection.

 

    • Psoriatic Arthritis

      This is a problem where you get both psoriasis and arthritis (joint inflammation). In more than 60% of cases, people have psoriasis for around 10 years before developing psoriatic arthritis. About 90% of people with it also have worsening nail modifications. The most usual symptoms are:

      • Inflexible Painful joints that are terrible in the morning and after rest due to rigidity
      • Sausage-like swelling of the toes and fingers
      • Warm joints that may be blemished

 

  • Erythrodermic Psoriasis

    This kind is the least common, but it is quite serious. It affects most of your body and causes extensive, blazing skin that looks burnt. You might also have:

    • Severe itching, blazing and peeling
    • Rapid heart rate
    • Alterations in body temperature

If you see any of these symptoms happening to you frequently or persistently, see your doctor without more ado. You may be necessitated to get treated in a hospital. This kind of psoriasis can also cause severe illness from fluid and protein depletion. You may also get congestive heart failure, pneumonia and infection.

 

Triggers include:

  • Abruptly stopping your systemic psoriasis treatment
  • Bad sunburn
  • Medications such as cortisone- anti-malarial drugs, lithium or strong coal-tar products
  • An allergic drug reaction
  • Infection

Erythrodermic psoriasis may also occur if your psoriasis is difficult to control.

 

Diagnose of Psoriasis

Tests to Diagnose Psoriasis

In most cases, your health care doctor or a skin specialist will be able to diagnose psoriasis by evaluating your skin. However, due to a reason that psoriasis can show up like eczema and other skin problems, diagnosing at times can turn out to be difficult.

If your specialist is not confirmed about whether you have psoriasis, they may order a skin biopsy. For biopsy, your doctor will peel off a small sample of your skin and have it scrutinized under a microscope.

If you have signs of psoriatic arthritis, such as painful and swollen joints, your doctor might conduct blood tests and take X-rays to rule out other forms of arthritis.

If a diagnosis is verified, treatment will be based upon the type and seriousness of the condition. The key options include biological injections, topical therapy, phototherapy and systemic therapy.

 

Biological injections as treatment for Psoriasis

  • What it does
  • How effective it is
  • From where to get the treatment as if done wrong this treatment has side effects

 

TREATMENT

Biological Injections: Moderate to Severe Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis

Biologic injections or drugs, or “biologics,” are offered to the patients by injection or intravenous (IV) infusion. A biologic is a protein-based drug which is extracted from living cells cultivated in a laboratory. While biologics have been in use for more than 10 decades to treat several different kinds of disease, present -day updated techniques have made biologics much more extensively available as treatments in the older times.

Biologics are very much distinct from the traditional systemic drugs that affect the whole immune system. Biologics, instead, target particular parts only of the immune system. The biologics used to treat psoriatic disease impede the action of a particular kind of immune cell called a T cell, or obstruct proteins in the immune system, such as interleukins 12 and 23, interleukin 17-A, or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). All these cells and proteins together play a key role in developing psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis.

If you are not seeing any improvement or is not relieved from other treatments, your doctor may advice you to try a drug that fight off the causes of psoriasis, instead of just the symptoms. These medications, called biologics, target a particular part of your immune system.

Biologic injections are effective even in cases of severe or later stages of psoriasis.

Medical Researchers are always testing new biologics, and new ones may get sanctioned down the road. Biological injections that are now available to effectively treat psoriasis, plaque psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis are:

 

Effectiveness of different Biological Injections in treatment of psoriasis

Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) inhibitors

Simponi (golimumab), Cimzia (certolizumab pegol), Remicade (infliximab), Enbrel (etanercept), and Humira (adalimumab), are drugs that hinders TNF-alpha. TNF-alpha is a protein or a cytokine that activates the body to prompt inflammation. In psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis diseases, there is immense production of TNF-alpha in the skin or joints. That results in the spontaneous and faster growth of skin cells and/or damage to joint tissue. Hindering TNF-alpha production helps stopping the vicious inflammatory pattern of psoriatic disease.

 

Adalimumab (Humira)

The biologic is injected under the skin every other week by a doctor at his/her clinic. People with heart failure or multiple sclerosis are advised to strictly refrain from it.

Side effects include serious and sometimes lethal infections like tuberculosis, a greater risk of getting certain kinds of cancer such as lymphoma, and a higher chance of autoimmune diseases like a lupus-like syndrome.

 

Infliximab (Remicade)

The biologic is given through an IV while in a doctor’s clinic. The complete session takes about 2 to 3 hours. You are needed to follow up 2 and 6 weeks after taking the first dose. After that, you will receive treatments every 8 weeks.

 

Secukinumab ( Cosentyx)

This is a medicine that is administered via an injection beneath your skin with a prefilled syringe or a pen at a doctor’s office. However, you can get this done at home too, but you or any one giving, should have learnt it first from your doctor on how to do it.

The most common side effects are:

  • Diarrhea
  • Signs of cold
  • Upper respiratory infection

There is also likeliness of serious infections when you take secukinumab. Your doctor will watch to make sure you don’t have tuberculosis (TB) prior to you begin the treatment and will observe you closely for symptoms of the disease while you are taking the medicine.

 

Ustekinumab (Stelara)

You get it through an injection. After having the 1st shot, you get another shot a month later, and then an injection in every 3 months.

It diminishes the thickness of your psoriasis patches while reducing redness and easing off scaling.

The drug if not taken appropriately or as required can raise your chances of serious infections, cancer, and in some cases, a rare condition known as reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy, which impacts your brain and is deadly sometimes.

 

Brodalumab (Siliq)

This approved biologic for plaque psoriasis is a medicine that comes as a prefilled syringe which gets injected under the skin. Your doctor usually administers you the shot in his clinic, but he may also allow you to let you do this at home, provide you have been trained sufficiently on how to do it.

The medicine’s label has an FDA warning that states that some people who consume brodalumab may have a higher chance of getting feelings and actions of suicide. So the FDA advises for the doctors to surely quantify the risks and advantages of the medicine before prescribing it for people who have had depression or suicidal behavior in the past.

 

Ixekizumab (Taltz)

This is a drug that you have it as a shot. You can do it yourself at home once your doctor has given you the demo of how to do it and you are learnt for it.

The most common side effects include:

  • Motion sickness
  • Fungal infections
  • Reaction or kind of allergy at the site you injected the drug
  • Upper respiratory infections

There’s also a chance for serious infections like tuberculosis (TB), so your doctor will detect you for TB prior you take ixekizumab and check you for symptoms of the disease in the period you take the medicine.

 

Interleukin 12 and 23 (IL-12/23) inhibitors

Stelara (ustekinumab) functions by selectively attacking the proteins, or cytokines, interleukin-12 (IL-12) and interleukin 23 (IL-23). Interleukins-12/ interleukin 23 are linked with psoriatic inflammation.

 

Interleukin 17 (IL-17) inhibitors

Siliq (brodalumab), Cosentyx (secukinumab) and Taltz (ixekizumab) ties to and block a protein or cytokine, called interleukin-17 (IL-17), which is connected in inflammatory and immune responses. There are aloft levels of IL-17 in psoriatic plaques. By blocking cytokines that excites inflammation, Siliq, Cosentyx, and Taltz biologic injections obstructs the inflammatory cycle of psoriasis. This can further result in the improvement of symptoms for people who take it.

 

T cell inhibitors

Orencia (abatacept) attacks T cells in the immune system. T cells are a kind of white blood cell which is an active participant in the inflammation in psoriasis and psoriatic disease. Orencia blocks T cells from becoming prompted to decrease inflammation.

 

Interleukin 23 (IL-23) inhibitors

Tremfya (guselkumab) functions by targeting interleukin 23 (IL-23). This cytokine is connected with inflammation in psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. Tremfya functions to alleviate the signs and symptoms of psoriatic and slow down of disease progression.

 

Apremilast (Otezla)

This actually is not a biologic, but it does have a considerate affect on your immune system. It is a pill that is suggested by the doctors to take once or twice a day. It reduces the thickness, redness, and silverish scaling of psoriasis plaques.

It has been associated to acute depression, anxiety, suicidal thoughts or attitude. Tell your health care provider if you’ve ever had these sorts of feelings before you start this medication.

An incorrect dosage may cause you to have nausea, diarrhea, headaches, an upper respiratory tract infection, and other complications. You could also experience weight loss without even trying, so your doctor will keep a check on how much you weigh.

 

Certolizumab (Cimzia)

You begin by receiving a shot at the doctor’s clinic. Your doctor may show you how to do it at home by yourself. You will use it every other week.

This drug makes your chances to get infections and can give rise to heart failure, and a lupus-like syndrome or forms of cancer. You may bleed, bruise or blaze more easily.

 

Golimumab (Simponi)

You get this by injecting yourself a shot once a month. You might contuse, bump or bleed more easily.

 

How are they used and how effective they are?

The biologics are taken by injection or by IV infusion. Enbrel, Simponi Cimzia, Cosentyx, Humira, and Taltz are injected in the abdomen, arms, legs, usually for the person with psoriatic disease or a family member. Stelara is given as a subcutaneous injection by the doctor. Remicade is administered through IV infusion in a health care provider’s clinic or infusion center. Orencia can be given as an injection or by IV infusion. Biologics are suggested for people with moderate to severe cases of plaque psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. They are also feasible option for people who have not responded well to or have encountered peril side effects from other treatments. Studies showcase that TNF-alpha blockers helps lower down the progression of joint damage in psoriatic arthritis.

 

What’s the Link between Biologics and Infections?

Your immune system is a part of body that helps your body fights and fends off against invaders, outside infections and deadly attackers like environmental bacteria, germs etc. Since biologics declines those protections, having them could make you more likely to catch other diseases and infections.

Some of these drugs could also lead to a long-term disease that your body currently has under control, like tuberculosis, to emerge out again. Your doctor may not suggest them if you use other medications that restrain the immune system.

You could have a serious infection because your body is unable to fight off fungi, viruses or germs the way it generally does. Call your health care provider immediately if you watch any indications of an infection, like a sore throat, feeling run down, cold or pyrexia (high body temperature). The doctor would want to stop your medication for sometime so he can treat the infection.

The serious side effects of biologics only occur when you do not get it as required. So, to have the best of result from biologic drugs and injections, all you need is to consult an experienced and certified doctor.

 

Avoid taking biologics if:

  • Your immune system is considerably compromised;
  • You have any active infection.

Screening for tuberculosis (TB) or other infectious diseases is needed prior to beginning the treatment with Simponi and Stelara, Cosentyx, Remicade, Enbrel, and Humira.

 

From where to get the biologic treatment for psoriasis

This is one of the most significant and crucial thing to keep in consideration before getting biologic injections as if done wrongly this treatment has some serious and deadly side effects. Always see a reputed, highly experienced and licensed dermatologist or skin specialist who is well trained in the stream and as a track record of successful treatments.

 

Using biologics with other psoriasis treatments

All the currently available and mentioned biologics can be used with other treatments like Light therapy or phototherapy or topical treatment, though using phototherapy along with Remicade may elevate your risk of skin cancer.

Humira, Cimzia, Enbrel, and Remicade are shown to be very effective and when taken along with methotrexate. Talk to your doctor about if using any other treatments alongside with a biologic is suitable for you.

 

What are other alternative Treatments for Psoriasis?

Other than biologic injections, psoriasis responds well to many topical and systemic treatments. People with severe psoriasis can feel at ease during flare-ups in about 80% to 85% of cases.

Psoriasis treatments alleviate inflammation and clear the skin. These treatments can be classified mainly into 3 categories: topical treatments, systemic medications and light therapy.

 

Topical treatments

Used solely and unattended, ointments and lotions are to be applied to your skin directly that can effectively treat mild to moderate psoriasis. When the psoriasis is more severe, ointments or creams are plausibly to be combined with certain oral medications or light photo therapy. Some widely used and effective Topical psoriasis treatments include:

  • Topical corticosteroids- These drugs are the extensively prescribed medications for treating mild to moderate psoriasis by the specialized doctors. They alleviate inflammation and ease off itching and may be used in combination with other treatments.

Mild corticosteroid lotions are generally prescribed are for sensitive locations, like your face or skin folds, and for treating extensive patches of damaged skin.

Your clinician may recommend stronger corticosteroid cream for less sensitive, smaller, or harder-to-treat areas.

Extended or overuse of strong corticosteroids can lead to thinning of the skin. Topical corticosteroids may stop working overtime and is thus generally best to use them as a short-term treatment course during flares.

  • Topical retinoids- These are vitamin A extracts that may reduce inflammation. These medications may are noted to elevate a user’s sensitivity to sunlight, so while taking the medication, make sure to apply sunscreen before stepping outside in the day time.

Any complication regarding birth defects is far lower for topical retinoids than for oral retinoids. But tazarotene (Avage, Tazorac) is not suggested when you are pregnant or breast-feeding or if you plan to get pregnant. Skin irritation is often a side effect of this.

  • Anthralin- This medication is quite useful for steady skin cell growth. Anthralin (Dritho-Scalp) can also help to eradicate scales and make skin look smoother and even. The most common complication with anthralin is that it can cause skin irritation, and it stains almost anything it comes into contact. It is generally applied for a short duration and then rinsed off.
  • Calcineurin inhibitors. Calcineurin inhibitors —pimecrolimus (Elidel) and tacrolimus (Prograf) — alleviates inflammation and prevents formation of plaque.

Calcineurin inhibitors are not suggested for extended or persistent use because of a prospectively greater risk of skin cancer and lymphoma. They may be particularly useful in areas of thin skin, like the area encircling the eyes, where retinoids or steroid creams are immensely irritating or may cause malignant effects.

  • Salicylic acid- An over-the-counter (nonprescription) and by prescription available, salicylic acid typically encourages scraping of dead skin cells and diminish scaling. Sometimes it is used in conjunction with other medications, such as coal tar or topical corticosteroids, to maximize its effectiveness. Salicylic acid is present in medicated shampoos and scalp care solutions to treat scalp psoriasis.
  • Coal tar- Extracted from coal, coal tar diminishes scaling, blazing and itching. Coal tar can sometimes infuriate the skin. It can stain anything it touches, also messy, and has a peculiar odor.

Coal tar is even available in nonprescription shampoos, oils and lotions. It is available in higher concentrations by prescription. This treatment is especially not recommended for women who are breast-feeding or are pregnant.

  • Vitamin D analogues- These synthetic forms of vitamin D are helpful to slow down skin cell growth. Calcipotriene (Dovonex) is a prescription ointment or solution containing a vitamin D analogue that significantly treats mild to moderate psoriasis in combination with other treatments. A common side effect of Calcipotriene is that it may irritate your skin. Calcitriol (Vectical) is costly but may be equally effective and far less likely to be irritating than calcipotriene
  • Moisturizers. Moisturizing lotions alone fall weak to ease off psoriasis, but they can decrease itching, dryness and scaling. The medicated Moisturizers, specific for psoriasis, in an ointment base that is generally more effective than lighter lotions. Apply right after taking shower to lock in moisture.

 

Light therapy (phototherapy)

This treatment uses both natural and artificial ultraviolet light. The simplest form of performing phototherapy involves revealing a patient’s skin to controlled amount and level of natural sunlight.

Other forms of light therapy involve the use of artificial ultraviolet A (UVA) or ultraviolet B (UVB) light, either solely or in conjunction with medications.

  • Sunlight- Revelation to ultraviolet (UV) rays in natural sunlight or artificial light depresses skin cell turnover and decreases inflammation and scaling. In short, exposures to little amounts of sunlight on daily basis may improve psoriasis, but excessive sun exposure can exacerbate symptoms and lead to skin damage. Before starting a sunlight systematic plan, discuss your doctor about the safest and effectual way to use natural sunlight as a treatment for psoriasis.
  • UVB phototherapy- Monitored doses of UVB light received from an artificial light source may deteriorate mild to moderate psoriasis symptoms. UVB phototherapy, also referred to as broadband UVB, can be helpful to treat single patches, extensive psoriasis and psoriasis that withstand topical treatments. Short-term side effects may include dry skin, redness, and itching. Using an ointment based moisturizer may help relieve these side effects.
  • Narrow band UVB phototherapy- A newer form of psoriasis treatment, narrow band UVB phototherapy may deduce to be more optimal than broadband UVB treatment. It is generally given 2 or 3 times a week until the skin shows noticeable improvement, and then maintenance may needed just the weekly sessions. However, a side effect linked to Narrow band UVB phototherapy may cause severe and longer lasting burns.
  • Psoralen plus ultraviolet A (PUVA) – This kind of photochemotherapy implicates consuming a light-sensitizing medication (psoralen) prior to revelation to UVA light. UVA light perforates much deeper into the skin than does UVB light and psoralen makes the skin more receptive to UVA exposure.

This more combative and assertive treatment perpetually improves skin and is typically used for more-severe cases of psoriasis. Short-term side effects include inflammation, itching nausea, and headache. Long-term side effects may include dry and crumpled skin, blemishes and increased sun sensitivity, and potential risk of skin cancer, including melanoma.

  • Excimer laser- This kind of light therapy, implicated for mild to moderate psoriasis, treats only the affected skin without adversely hitting the healthy skin. A controlled beam of UVB light is administered to the psoriasis plaques to curb blazing and scaling. Excimer laser therapy needs fewer sessions than does conventional phototherapy because more vigorous UVB light is used. Side effects may include blistering and redness.
  • Goeckerman therapy- Some clinicians amalgamate UVB treatment and coal tar treatment, which is called Goeckerman treatment. The two therapies combined together are more result driven than either alone because coal tar makes skin more responsive to UVB light.

 

Oral or injected medications

If you have serious psoriasis or it is opposed to other kinds of treatment, your clinician may recommend oral or injected drugs. This is called as systemic treatment. Because of severe side effects, some of these medications are used for only short course of time and may be interspersed with other types of treatment.

  • Cyclosporine- Cyclosporine (Neoral, Gengraf) repress the immune system and is similar to methotrexate in substantiality, but can only be taken momentarily. Like other immunosuppressant drugs, cyclosporine elevates your chance of getting infection and other health issues, including cancer. Cyclosporine also makes you more defenseless to high blood pressure and kidney problems— the risk surges up with long-term treatment and higher dosages.
  • Retinoids- Linked to vitamin A, this category of drugs may be substantially useful if you have severe psoriasis that does not respond to other therapies. Side effects may include hair loss and lip eruptions and stinging. And because retinoids such as acitretin (Soriatane) can cause serious birth imperfections, women must refrain from pregnancy for at least 3 years after taking the medication.
  • Methotrexate- Taken orally, methotrexate (Rheumatrex) helps psoriasis by lowering the production of skin cells and terminating inflammation. It may also deacelerate the development and advancement of psoriatic arthritis in some people. Methotrexate is usually bearable in low doses but may cause lethargy, loss of appetite and upset stomach. When used for longer course duration, it can cause a several serious side effects, including serious liver damage and slackening production of white and red blood cells and platelets.

 

Treatment considerations

Although clinicians choose treatments depending upon the severity and type of psoriasis and the locations of skin affected, the conventional approach is to begin with the mildest treatments —ultraviolet light therapy (phototherapy) and topical ointments — in those patients with distinct skin lesions (plaques) and then progress to stronger ones only if required. Patients with pustular psoriasis arthritis or erythrodermic psoriasis are associated generally need systemic therapy from the initiation of treatment.

The aim is to determine the most effective and safest means to slow cell turnover with the least possible side effects.

 

Potential future treatments

There are a number of new medications presently being investigated that have the aptitude to improve psoriasis treatment. These treatments aim at different proteins that functions with the immune system.

 

Alternative medicine

A variety of alternative therapies professes to relieve the symptoms of psoriasis, including dietary supplements, special diets, herbs and creams. None have convincingly been proved effective treatment regime, but some alternative therapies are estimated usually safe, and they may be useful to some people in compressing symptoms, such as scaling, inflaming and itching. These treatments would however, be more suitable for people with milder, plaque disease and not for those with severe psoriasis, pustules, arthritis or erythroderma.

  • Aloe vera- Gel based ointment extracted from the leaves of the aloe vera plant, the aloe derivative cream may alleviate inflammation, redness, itching and scaling. You may require using the cream few times a day for several months to notice any improvements in your skin.
  • Oregon grape- Also referred by many as barberry, topical applications of Oregon grape may decrease burning sensation and stings at the areas and also suppress psoriasis symptoms.

If you are planning to take dietary supplements or other substitute therapy to suppress the symptoms of psoriasis, see your doctor. An expert specialist who knows your whole medical condition and history is in a better position to help you counterbalance the pros and cons of particular alternative therapies.

  • Fish oil- Omega-3 fatty acids present in fish oil supplements may alleviate inflammation linked with psoriasis, however outcomes from research studies are mixed. Consuming 3 grams or less of fish oil on daily basis is usually identified as safe, and you may find it advantageous too.
  • Cayenne- Cayenne peppers have medically been in use for thousands of years. Capsaicin, an ingredient in peppers that provides them their heat, is also the active component in many pain-relieving ointments and lotions. In one study, using capsaicin cream to the skin eased off skin lesions and itching in people with psoriasis. Capsaicin can often cause an inflammatory stint to the skin, which gets soothing with the extended use of it. Make sure to wash your hands right after rubbing in capsaicin and not touch your eyes or mouth area.
  • Dead Sea salts- Shower solutions, such as Dead Sea salts, Epsom salts, or oilated oatmeal can help psoriasis by discarding scales and relieving itching. To try Dead Sea salts and other bath solutions, infuse and mingle them in the bath as indicated, then immerse in the tub for about 15 -20 minutes. Immediately after you get out of the tub, apply a moisturizer to the skin. However, expecting drastic and quick improvement is keeping yourself in illusion

While natural remedies may play a part in psoriasis treatment, it is essential to know that they, too, can have side effects and complications. You should never start a new treatment — even a natural one — or halt a treatment recommended by your doctor without first discussing with your doctor.

Also do not get carried away by anyone saying that following a dietary plan helps easing off symptoms of psoriasis, as only starvation can for this matter.

 

Psoriasis facts

  • It is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease.
  • Plaque psoriasis is the most common type of psoriasis
  • Diabetes, heart problems and fatigue are more prevalent in people with psoriasis.
  • Psoriasis can be prompted by certain environmental triggers.
  • An inclination for psoriasis is inherited in genes.
  • Psoriasis is not a transmittable disease by touch, hand shake, physical relations or food sharing
  • Psoriasis gets better and worse impromptu and can have irregular remissions (clear skin).
  • Psoriasis is presently controllable and curable with advanced therapies
  • There are many incredible new therapies, treatments including newer biologics (biological injections and drugs)

 

Complications

If you have psoriasis, you are at an increased risk of developing certain diseases. These include:

  • Psoriatic arthritis- This complication of psoriasis can cause detrimental damage to joints and a loss of functioning capability in some joints, which can be crippling.
  • People with psoriasis, particularly those with more severe disease, are at higher risk to develop obesity. There are no evidences and studies for the precise reasons about how these diseases are linked, however. The inflammation associated to obesity may play a considerable role in the growth of psoriasis. Or it may be that people with psoriasis are more likely to put on extra kilos, plausibly because of their hampered lifestyle due to psoriasis.
  • Type 2 diabetes- The chances of developing type 2 diabetes rises in people with psoriasis. The more severe the psoriasis, the higher the risk of type 2 diabetes.
  • Cardiovascular disease- the likelihood of cardiovascular disease is twice as high for people with psoriasis, as it is for those without the disease. Psoriasis and some treatment therapy also escalate the risk of stroke, high cholesterol, defective heartbeat, and atherosclerosis.
  • High blood pressure- The odds of having high blood pressure are raised for people with psoriasis.
  • Eye problems- Certain eye problems— such as blepharitis, conjunctivitis, and uveitis — are more often in people with psoriasis.
  • Parkinson’s disease- This chronic neurological disorder is more likely to take place in people with psoriasis.
  • Kidney disease- Moderate to severe psoriasis has been associated to an escalated risk of kidney disease.
  • Emotional issues- Psoriasis for some sufferers are linked with low self-esteem and despair. People may also withdraw socially which furthermore affect their quality of life.
  • Metabolic syndrome- This group of conditions — including increased insulin levels, abnormal cholesterol levels and high blood pressure — increases your risk of heart disease.
  • Other autoimmune diseases- Sclerosis, Celiac disease, and the inflammatory bowel disease called Crohn’s disease are plausibly to hit people with psoriasis.

Get in touch

Contact our office

Pay us a visit

Locate our office

1, NRI Complex, Mandakini,
Chittaranjan Park, South Delhi,
New Delhi - 110019

CALL NOW:
(+91) 982 154 3107