Reasons, why patients do not get good results after Hair Transplant?
There are times where you would be thinking about your friend spending lot of money on hair transplantation, even then the results are not 3.
Let me share with you, why the results were not observed. From my experience, the most important factor in the entire transplantation process are, how the grafts (hair roots) are extracted from donor area, stored & implanted in the bald area.
The results are usually good when all the above processes are carried out with care.
Lets explain each one of them one by one
When the grafts are extracted or taken out, we need to consider the size of the punch
Previously, various surgeons would use a punch size of 1.2mm, with greater technology and technique innovation, it came down to 1mm, then 0.9 mm. In the present scenario, surgeons use a punch size of 0.8mm. The smaller size of the punch create lesser scarring, this increases the number of grafts being extracted.
The handling of an FUE hair transplant machine to remove the punches or bursts. For this, we need to keep in mind the angle, direction, and depth of the probe. When this is done, surgeons receive greater number of follicles per graft.
For example, a graft contains 3 follicles. If the surgeons technique is perfect, the success rate of getting 3 follicles per graft would be above 90%. But, if a surgeon uses an incorrect technique, then they would receive only 1 or 2 hair roots. This is called as partial transection.
Partial transaction can be outlined as a graft that is not totally damaged, but out of the three roots, one or two roots may get cut off. This means a surgeon and the patient will only get a single graft, or lesser number of follicles, rather than the complete set of follicles.
Now, lets say a person named Harry wants to undergo hair transplantation with 1000 grafts. Each graft has 3 follicles. There are two clinics performing the transplant.
Clinic A follows all the best practices, and receives 1000 grafts with 3 follicles each. It is also implanted by the surgeon in the clinic in the perfect way. Thus, Harry would receive 2700 – 3000 hair roots coming out of all the grafts.
Whereas the surgeon at Clinic B charges less amount for hair transplantation surgery but, do not follow the best practices & usually have high transection rate. Due to this, the patient will only recieve 1 or 2 follicles per graft, thus receiving only 1500-2000 follicles or even lesser with same 1000 grafts.
Once the grafts are extracted, how do surgeons store the grafts in the clinic also contributes to the quality of grafts
In my clinic and under strict supervision, we store our grafts in a proper solution known as Graft Holding Solution which improves the lifespan of gratfs. Vitamins and minerals are also added to the solution and the solution is kept at 40C. This creates minimal damage to the graft.
The next thing that needs to be taken care of is – when the grafts are being implanted they should always be kept hydrated or wet. In my clinic, I have assigned one or two assistants with the task of keeping the hair hydrated whilst the transplant is going on.
If the surgeon uses 3 or 4 assistants to handle various tasks, the cost would go up considerably, but the results would be exceptional whereas surgeons transplanting hair with a single assistant will not be able to provide the desired results.
It is a good practice for surgeons to make the holes closer. If the holes are closer, the density increases. The angle of the holes needs to be 300 , and the holes need to be very close to each other. If the angle of the probe is 900, then the hair would actually stand up like spikes, which would expose the scalp in-between.
No. of Grafts per Sq cm
If a surgeon implants 30-50 grafts per square cm, the results would be excellent in compariosn to implanting 15-20 grafts per square cm.
Benefits of No Root Touch Technique
One more thing surgeon need to consider is the process of implanting grafts. If surgeon use a single forcep, the graft survival rate is less than 50%. If double forceps are used, then the graft survival rate is 70-80%. Using the no root touch technique, the survival rate of the graft is 90%.
Thus,it is very important for surgeons to use the right technique for graft implantation. The no root touch technique or using two forceps is the most ideal way to implant the grafts. The single forcep technique should not be followed at all.
So, these are few important practices and techniques I follow to perform hair transplantation for my patients. These techniques garner excellent results for my patients.