What young hair loss sufferers need to know about hair loss?
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Today, most youngsters are in a fix about choosing the right solution for their hair loss. They simply run after treatments without knowing certain basic things like the type of hair loss they are going through and the probable causes behind the loss of hair. As a result, they try all possible methods, one after the other and end up being dissatisfied with their hair loss treatments. So, here is a small guide to educate and aware them about common hair loss types along with the probable causes behind increasing loss of hairs.
Types of Hair Loss or Alopecia
- Androgenic Alopecia- It’s a genetic condition that can cause significant loss of hairs in both boys and girls. In men, it can happen right in their teens or in the early 20s and the kind of hair loss is known as male pattern baldness. There’s a diminishing hairline, followed by subsequent disappearance of hairs from the frontal scalp and crown regions. As for women, it is female pattern baldness that is more likely to hit in their early or mid-40s. Although women might start experiencing hair loss at an early age, yet they notice thinning only in their 40s. It happens all throughout the scalp with crown being the most extensive hair loss area.
- Involutional Alopecia- This kind of a hair loss is more natural and happens with age. In matured ages, most hair follicles go into the resting phase and the ones that exist on the scalp become thinner, shorter and fewer in number; thus creating significant bald area on head.
- Alopecia Universalis- Quite unnatural way of losing hairs, in Alopecia Universalis, people lose hairs from all parts of body including eyebrows, eyelashes as well as pubic hairs.
- Alopecia Areata- Most spotted in kids and young adults, such a hair loss is a sudden occurrence that results in complete baldness (the condition known as alopecia totalis). However, good thing is that hair automatically returns after a few years. Around 90% of women experience alopecia aerata and get back lost hair, in few years of time.
- Scarring Alopecia- Inflammatory skin conditions like acne, cellulitis, folliculitis as well as other skin problems such as various forms of lichen planus and lupus are the root causes of permanent loss of hair, the condition also known as scarring alopecia. The scars so formed damage the regeneration abilities of hair; thus causing severe hair loss. Besides these reasons, using hot combs or tying hair too tightly can also result in permanent hair loss.
- Trichotillomania- It’s a physiological disorder in which children pull out their own hair.
- Telogen Effluvium- Often, changes in the hair growth cycle result in temporary hair thinning over the scalp. Those experiencing this type of hair loss have most of their hair in the resting phase. Remaining hairs on scalp shed and gradually thin down.
Common Hair Loss Causes
- Genes- Hair loss can be hereditary. Presence of hair loss genes in an individual causes androgenic alopecia, i.e. male pattern baldness or female pattern baldness.
- Hormones- Abnormal levels of androgens (male hormones that are produced by both men and women) is another common reason behind hair loss.
- Stress & Anxiety- Excess mental stress, and anxiety and depression can de-activate the hair follicles; thus reducing chances of hair re-growth.
- Childbirth-Most women lose hairs after giving birth to their child. Such a hair loss pattern is a natural occurrence.
- Burns, Injuries, X-Rays- Injuries and burns in skin are significant reasons behind hair loss. Frequent X-Rays also cause your hairs to shed off. However, these are temporary hair loss and hairs automatically return when skin gets completed healed or X-rays discontinue.
- Cosmetic Procedures- Regular shampooing, frequent bleaching, perming, and hair dying make hair weak and brittle. Hair strands easily pulls out from scalp thus causing overall thinning of scalp hairs. Besides these procedures, using rollers and hot curlers on a regular basis also result in hair loss. Tight braiding and keeping hairs locked all the time loosens the hair roots and increases hair fall.
- Medical Conditions- Diseases like thyroid, diabetes, disproportional diet, lupus and anaemia are some other reasons behind hair loss. In various cases, hair loss is among the first symptoms that point towards probable diseases.
- Diet- Consuming diet that’s low in protein or calorie can also shed off hairs in large amount.
- Auto-Immune Disease- This is the case of alopecia areata which takes place when a person’s immune system malfunctions for unknown reasons; thus causing severe hair fall. Soon after the immune system regains its functionality, hair starts re-growing; however it’s of a lighter colour and tone until normal colour and thickness return.
So, before taking a step forward towards any hair loss treatment, first spot your hair loss type, try to determine the potential causes behind your hair fall and then go for the most appropriate hair loss therapy.