What are the side effects of hair transplant surgery?
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Undergoing a hair transplant surgery can undoubtedly improve your overall appearance and boost your self-confidence when done properly. Excellent candidates for a hair transplant include:
- Men with male-pattern baldness, thinning all over head and hair loss
- women with hair loss and thinning hair
- anyone who has lost hair due to some scalp injury, surgery or medications
But still there are certain complications associated with hair transplant procedure. Side effects from a hair transplant surgery are generally minor and subside within a few weeks. They can include:
Hair falling out
There is a common notion amongst people that hair only keeps growing and getting thicker after going under a hair transplant surgery. Unfortunately, the fact is that some people will actually have to face with the fall first. This is actually a normal process after transplantation and this hair falling process is called as shedding and is completely temporary that ends in 2-3 weeks. This shedding in some people occurs because the roots get closer and the hair shaft falls down and growth begins from the roots again. The new growth in such cases becomes visible by 3-4 months. In few cases, there can be shock loss of the existing hair due to transplant surgery. However, these things are rare and hair will re-grow within a few months.
This is perhaps another side effect that is witnessed in people who have undergone the process of FUE transplant. If you went under FUE, then you will have minute micro scars, which will vanish away in a few weeks. Additionally, when new hair starts to grow, the dot like marks will get concealed. On the other hand, if you have undergone an FUT, then you are likely to have a linear scar, but with appropriate hair growth and a wisely planned style, you will have nothing to panic about.
This is perhaps one of the most common side effects and is something that is seen in a majority of people who undergo a transplant procedure. The itching normally occurs because of the development of scabs at the transplant site. The most comfortable technique of tackling this situation is continuously keep spraying the solution given over the grafts and rinse off the scalp with a medicated or a mild shampoo after the initial few weeks of surgical process. The itching too, as alike with other side effects, will disappear over a period of a few days. In most cases, it can also be caused by the application of minoxidil that when stopped will vanish away the problem.
Whether you are getting a FUT or FUE, there is a sheer possibility to get some nicks and cuts, followed by some blood loss. While most skilled surgeons will ensure that there is minimized blood loss during the transplant procedure but a minimum oozing of blood in the post-op period is till bound to happen that can be handled by pressing a gauze piece. So it is essential on the patient’s part to exchange the information if they are of taking any blood thinners or are suffering from any bleeding related issue.
A hair transplantation surgery, FUT or FUE is a medical process and there is bound to experience some amount of pain, specifically in FUT. While in many cases, the doctor will incorporate anesthesia and sedatives, however there are very few cases, where there is pain even after the surgery has finished. In these rare cases, the surgeon will administer some painkillers to avoid this in the post-op phase. At times patients might have extended pain sensation in FUT procedures. Patients might be prescribed with paracetamol if such situation is ever faced.
This is another side effect that is common and is noticed in a majority of patients who have taken hair transplant surgery. However, the areas and level of swelling might differ from person to person. So while most people might encounter swelling on their forehead, back, for others it might be surrounding their eyes. Usually, the swelling tends to die out in some days, however, if the does not subsides in a few days, best would be to see a doctor.
If you have selected a reputed clinic with fully hygienic environment and complete patient’s care practices, you can be sure of not coming in contact of any infections, but sometimes even with the state-of-the-art facilities there might be chances of getting some infection for which a short course of antibiotics is needed. However, the problem is quite rarely seen in patients.
The numbness is usually associated with the cutting of nerves in FUT restoration method. However, at certainly good clinics you rest in the superficial plane avoiding any nerve injury and hence numbness.
This complication occurs when there are buried grafts that are not being extracted accurately. While it is often, the cysts manifest in the form of a bunch of pimples, there are only rare cases, wherein they attain a more provoked form. Usually, these cysts disperse in some weeks, but if they do not, then you might have to see your specialist. So, make sure that, your doctor is skilled enough to take utmost care during extraction of grafts that they do not leave back any buried hair.
While it might seem weird, hiccups is yet another side effect of hair restoration surgery that might afflict some patients. This is a very unusual side effect and generally lasts only a few days.