How has Hair Transplantation evolved over the years?
Hair transplant surgery was an unknown term until 1952 when Dr. Norman Orientreich became the first to perform hair transplant surgery for male pattern baldness. Although his first paper submissions were rejected by the medical community, yet all his researches and studies got first published in the year 1959. In this paper, he coined the term “doctor dominance” and explained the fundamental principles of hair transplantation.
Further to this landmark discovery, hair transplant surgeries were performed using original 4mm grafts, i.e. the width of pencil erasers. These large graft techniques became a standard procedure for many years, however, it failed to produce a natural result. Since large grafts were the one and only option for those willing to have a hair transplant; candidates had to be satisfied with a less optimal result. The process thus continued and surgeons strived for further advancements in the procedure for the next two decades.
In 1984, they found a suitable alternative to the large grafts and started practicing mini-grafting. In this, they cut smaller grafts from the donor tissues and used the tiny strips for transplantation. Mini-grafting thus became quite popular after 1980s and in 1990s; it was the primary form of hair restoration surgery.
In later 1990s, significant developments took place in the hair transplantation sector. Technological advancements gave rise to non-invasive techniques. It was then that FUT and FUE procedures came into the picture and till date these are considered to be most advanced hair transplant methods across the world. Its simple technology, flexible approach and painless surgical experience make these processes more credible and effective in yielding the desired results. Today, FUT and FUE are widely prevalent in almost all countries in the world. Candidates look up to these methods and surgeons also recommend them for improved outcome.