Hair loss in women
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Hair loss in women is quite common with about 30% facing some level of thinning in their whole lifetime. However, since hair loss in women tends to be diffused (less hair all over) and because they usually maintain their frontal hairline the hair loss may not be evident, specifically in early stages.
For few women, psychological impacts play a key role in their hair loss, while for some, emotional stress is suffice to do the action. This is, in context, of a prevailing misconception that women are likely to have lost their hair and that thinning or balding in females is perceived to be socially unappealing. And together these fallacious notions make coping with hair loss particularly troublesome for females.
Hair loss in females is usually very steady and moderate, with the degree stimulating during pregnancy and at menopause. It can also demonstrate seasonal modifications and is easily affected by hormonal imbalances, medical ailments and external elements.
Causes of Hair Loss in Women
A hair naturally grows from its follicle at an average rate of about 1/2 inch each month. Each hair grows for two to six years, then relaxes, and then sheds out. A new hair soon starts growing in its place.
Baldness apparently occurs when hair falls and usual new hair does not produce in its place. The cause for female pattern baldness is not well known, but it is some extent related to:
- Alterations in the level of male hormones (androgens). For instance, after hitting menopause, most females notice that the hairs on their scalp starts getting thinner, while the hairs on face and body is coarser.
- Family history of female or male pattern baldness
Other than female pattern baldness, hair loss in women can occur for following reasons:
- Specific auto-immune disorders.
- Specific skin ailments that results to scarring of the hair follicles
- Hormonal imbalances, such as high or low level of thyroid hormone or too much testosterone.
- Alopecia Areata(patchy hair loss)
- Temporary hair falling after pregnancy, major surgery or illness.
- Syphilis, a sexually communicable infection.
- Iron, vitamin B (biotin), or other essential vitamin deficiency.
- Hair breakage due to hair-care practices, hair shaft abnormalities that exists from birth, tight twisting or pulling of hair.
- Medications like chemotherapy and beta blockers.
Classification of Female Hair Loss
Implementing the Ludwig Classification to Diagnose and Treat Female Hair Loss, the ludwig chart distinguishes female pattern baldness into 1 of 3 distinctive stages, known as the Ludwig Scale. By categorizing hair loss as per the severity, the Ludwig Scale aids both hair physicians and patients to better understand 3 crucial elements in the diagnosis and treatment of female hair loss(androgenetic alopecia).-
- The extent to which hair has already been lost.
- The capacity for additional hair loss in the future.
- The most appropriate course of treatment.
Diagnosis of Hair Loss in Women
Female pattern baldness is most commonly diagnosed based on:
- Pattern and appearance and of hair loss
- Medical and family history
The hair expert will also perform an analysis for other signs of excessive male hormone (androgen), such as:
- Abnormal new hair growth on the face, pubic area or area around the belly button.
- Sudden enlargement of clitoris and erratic menstrual cycle
- Break outs or acne
Miniaturization, the accelerating reduction of the hair shaft’s length and diameter in response to hormones, can be determined using hand-held equipment known as densitometer. Apart from densitometry, two other usual diagnostic tests that can be attempted in the dermatologist’s clinic are the hair-pull (a test for falling out) and the hair pluck (a test for hair destruction).
A scalp biopsy or blood tests may be attempted to diagnose skin disorders that may cause hair loss. Examining hair under a microscope may be attempted to test for lead or arsenic. Evaluating the hair in this manner does not properly diagnose nutritional issues.