Hair loss, also known as alopecia or baldness, refers to a loss of hair from part of the head or body. Typically, at least the head is involved.
The severity of hair loss can vary from a small area to the entire body. Typically, inflammation or scarring is not present.
Hair loss in some people causes psychological distress.
Here let’s take a look at the most common types of Alopecia.
Androgenic Alopecia is the scientific name for the genetic hair loss conditions Male Pattern Baldness and Female Pattern Hair Loss.
It is the most common form of hair loss and affects many individuals at some point in their lives, sometimes as early as the late teens or early twenties.
This is the type of hair loss most commonly associated with the term ‘Alopecia’ in media reports.
Alopecia Areata usually presents itself as patchy hair loss on the scalp and is an autoimmune disorder which causes the body’s own immune system to attack healthy hair follicles.
The exact causes of the condition remain unknown, but it is widely thought to be triggered by stress and traumatic events.
Alopecia Totalis and Alopecia Universalis
In some cases, Alopecia Areata can progress to the entire scalp.
This is known as Alopecia Totalis. At its most extreme the hair loss can occur across the entire body, including eyebrows.
Little Britain co-creator Matt Lucas suffers from this type of hair loss, which is known as Alopecia Universalis.
Also known as Scarring Alopecia, the condition Cicatricial Alopecia is a type of hair loss in which hair follicles are destroyed and replaced by scar tissue.
There are two types of Cicatricial Alopecia- primary and secondary. In the case of Primary Cicatricial Alopecia, the hair loss is caused directly by inflammation of the hair follicles, the causes of which are little understood.
Secondary Cicatricial Alopecia, meanwhile, refers to scarring hair loss which occurs as a result of an event or process unrelated to the follicles, such as burns or infections.
Traction Alopecia differs from other types of Alopecia in that it is usually caused directly by the actions of the individual which result in excessive tension on the hair and breakage.
Certain hairstyles, such as braiding and tight ponytails are common causes of Traction Alopecia. It can also be caused by repeated treatments with chemicals, such as hair coloring and bleaching.
There are many different potential causes of alopecia. Hair loss – temporary or permanent – can be triggered by any number of factors.
These can include allergies, irritants, toxins, burns, injuries, and infections. We also know that certain medications (especially anabolic steroids), chronic kidney failure, radiation, and chemotherapy can cause hair to fall out.
Sometimes, hair loss may be due to a vitamin A overdose, iron deficiency anemia, a malfunctioning thyroid gland, fever, hormonal imbalances, or pregnancy.
Symptoms and Complications
Thinning hair is the most obvious symptom of androgenic alopecia. In men, it begins at the crown, temples, or both. They also tend to get a “high forehead” that are associated with a receding hairline.
For women, hair loss begins on the top of the head. While men can go completely bald, women don’t usually lose all the hair on the crown of the head.
Alopecia areata appears as sudden losses of small round patches of hair, usually from the scalp, but sometimes from the face or body.
The fingernails may be lightly pitted or stippled. The disease often comes and goes in cycles, with regrowth in between.
- Detailed examination guides about the acute nature of the problem and its pace of progression.
- Bacilloscopy is done to check follicular status and underlying scalp health.
- In cases of developing alopecia, simple amino acids along with hair nutritive
Supplements are Prescribed.
- Topical applications with the Psychoactive product are suggested.
- The doctor generally refrains from giving a lot of clinical therapies as the scalp is very sensitive.
- Home care may be suggested as the disorder needs a rigorous approach to arrest the spread.
- Frequent follow-ups are needed to monitor the response since the disorder is unpredictable.
- Dietary changes to improve immunity are recommended.
- Avoiding animal proteins may also be suggested.
- We do not believe in using steroids locally or internally, but our focus is to correct the problems in the immune system.
- People who suffer from Alopecia Areata have also prescribed amino acid supplements containing L-tyrosine which reduces auto-inflammation.
- Also, lifestyle factors such as diet and sleeping habits need to be considered while dealing with Alopecia.
- Since stress too is a contributing factor in non-scarring Alopecia, the person who suffers from it can consider going for yoga, meditation, or other relaxation therapies.
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