Males and females have three different types of body- Ectomorph (lean and thin), Mesomorph (muscular) and Endomorph (round built). The type of a body goes beyond the looks of an individual and determines the ways by which the body responds to food consumption, and the characteristics of hormones as well as sympathetic nervous system (SNS). Such factors are associated with metabolic differences that take place between individuals and influence the ways by which a person responds to diet and training.
Thus, it’s very important for an individual to know his/her body type and chalk out the most appropriate nutrition and training routine. In order to maximize the combined effect of diet and exercises, one must get a thorough understanding of the body type and adjust their pattern of food consumption. Such extensive efforts are sure to give highly productive results in the short term.
Generally, most people have a combination of body types and specifically don’t fall into a distinct category. In various cases, people don’t have a proportional body structure. For example, while hands and legs are lean, the entire body structure is muscular. Irrespective of the type, composition and health condition of a body, an individual has greater ability to intake carbohydrates and starchy food while exercising and soon after exercises. Therefore, the best time to consume carbohydrate-rich food is around the time when the person is most physically active. Proper training and body-specific diet can change the look and appearance of a body. The carb tolerance of a person varies according to the body structure, which calls for a unique diet and exercise regime that helps to meet the body’s fitness requirements, in a short while.
Here the three major types of body along with their unique traits and attributes. Based on each body type, there are suitable recommendations about diet and physical training.
Ectomorphs are very lean and thin by structure. They are skinny, light built and have a small frame. Their general structure comprises of lean muscles, small joints, long thin limbs and narrow shoulders; all of which enables fast metabolism and resists their body from gaining weight.
People who are Ectomorph can consume excess food without gaining further weight. As a result, they have lesser fat in body and muscles and less mass in their bones. Such body type demand higher calories consumption for gaining sufficient weight. Thus, short and intense exercises targeting big muscle groups are the best fitness regimes for such individuals. Ectos must also consume whey protein especially before going to bed. This will prevent catabolism during the night Since Ectomorphs lose fat within an instant, thus, getting back to a thin muscle is never a difficult task.
Mesoporphs have a structure like that of an athlete. They have medium-sized bones and thin muscles. Such individuals have a dominant growth hormone which helps to pre-deposit muscle gain and maintain lower body fat. This makes them testosterone. Mesomorphs have the most appropriate structure for bodybuilding and give quick response to weight training programs. However, Mesomorphs tend to gain more fat easily than the Ecto group. Thus, people having a Mesomorph body structure should be very careful with their calorie consumption.
Large bone structure with higher amount of body and fat mass defines an Endomorph. With a soft and solid body structure, Endomorphs are highly prone to gain weight. The worst part is their excess fat prevents their efforts to shape and tone their body. Usually, they are short build and have thick arms and legs. Muscles especially in the upper leg portion are extremely strong, which makes them comfortable to leg exercises like squatting. They have higher propensity to store energy and are dominant to insulin. This also means they have lower tolerance to carbohydrate.
A typical feeling among the endomorphs is that they are overweight or obese. However, with regular exercises and the right kind of diet, Endos can boost their metabolism and gradually control their weight.
To conclude, each of the body types (Ecto, Meso, Endo) have distinct features and characteristics, which further determines the kind of food to be consumed and the nature of exercised to be performed on a daily basis. By figuring out the suitable type of body and then going by the suggestions, an individual can achieve the fitness goals and witness positive results in a short span of time.
Dr. Sandeep Bhasin, M.S. in the year 2000 and he is an award winning and renowned senior Laparoscopic and cosmetic surgeon in Delhi. Dr. Sandeep Bhasin is Known for his expertise in Cosmetic and reconstructive surgery and over the years he has distinguished himself among his peers with his outstanding surgical skills and innovation.
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